Both the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), with a time horizon for 2010 and 2015, and the University Strategy spotted the internationalization of the university as a goal. In 1999 the Bologna declaration by ministers included mobility as one of the fundamental principles of the new EHEA. In the same line, in the successive Prague, Berlin, Bergen, London and Leuven statements, the roadmap to design policies for the internationalization of the university was discussed. In this article, we analyze the achievements reached, obstacles to be overcome and some actions for the future. We propose to consider internationalization as a crosscutting issue that impacts all operations connected with the students. Among the concrete actions to promote the internationalization of university students, we suggest the development of an international curriculum; the definition of an international specific plan for each university; the setting-up of an international campus, and the promotion of students participation in international networks and governmental and institutional initiatives.
Internationalization, academic mobility, languages, international campus, student participation.